1750 Meter Lowfer Band amplitude modulated RF source using ATtiny2313 microcontroller
Download the firmware: mor040220BBeacon.asm
CHAPTER I–FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
PART 15–RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES–Table of Contents
Subpart C–Intentional Radiators
Sec. 15.217 Operation in the band 160-190 kHz.
(a) The total input power to the final radio frequency stage(exclusive of filament or heater power) shall not exceed one watt.
(b) The total length of the transmission line, antenna, and ground lead (if used) shall not exceed 15 meters.
(c) All emissions below 160 kHz or above 190 kHz shall be attenuated at least 20 dB below the level of the unmodulated carrier. Determination of compliance with the 20 dB attenuation specification may be based on measurements at the intentional radiator’s antenna output terminal unless the intentional radiator uses a permanently attached antenna, in which case compliance shall be demonstrated by measuring the radiated emissions.
If you are thinking seriously about building a Part 15 transmitter, I suggest you read through Part 15 to make sure you are fully compliant. The FCC provides for very heavy penalties for those who step out of line.
Here is where I found this copy of Part 15:
However poor the efficency of the antennat some people using sophisticated coding and dedecoding techniques have managed to communicate over thousands of miles in this band (160 to 190 kHz), all operating within the scope of Part 15. Amazing.
In order to get started tinkering with circuits on this band, I put together a low power signal source.
This signal source only supplies a few milliwatts to the output stage when the +8V input is supplied by a 9V transistor radio battery. The low power in the output stage results from the collector load being a parallel tuned stage, thus it is a high impedance at resonance.
Oscillator and divider
The output stage is a gated current source driving a resonant loop antenna. The emitter current of the 2N4401 causes a voltage drop across the 330 Ohm resistor. The 2NSC2458Y reduces the amplitude of the 187.5 kHz carrier signal on the base of the 2N4401 so that the maximum voltage across the 330 Ohm resistor is 0.6 volts, the base-emitter voltage of the 2NSC2458Y. The 0.6 volt drop across the 330 Ohm resistor means that peak emitter current for the 2N4401 is about 1.8 milliamps peak emitter current. Since the collector current is approximately equal to emitter current, this results in the resonant circuit on the collector of the 2N4401 being driven by a 1.8 milliamp square wave.
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