I have used E-Ink displays in projects three years ago, but from that time the technology has greatly evolved. That time displays were hard to get, expensive and difficult to use. Now things seem to change with e-ink displays available to the maker market :-). I’m able to get a 128×296 pixel e-paper display for $10! And for little more money I can have displays with black/white/red colors!
When I have built the Squix WiFi weather station (see SQUIX ESP8266 based E-Paper WiFi Weather Station), I realized that this display is from Waveshare Electronics.Waveshare is a kind of reseller, and they do not seem to manufacture these displays. I have ordered 2.9″ display modules and breakout boards from DX.com (but they are available from many other sellers too).
How it works
Ben Krasnov featured a very good video how these display work: basically a voltage is applied to the pixel cells, driving the color particles in a fluid either to move towards the front or back of the display. The video of Ben Krasnov explains this concept very well.We have put the displays under a high-resolution microscope (thanks to Christian Di B. for introducing me to that equipment!), and it is possible to see the particles!