VGA Monitor adaptor using AVR microcontroller

Background of the project.

Several months ago I tried to connect a microcontroller system to a VGA monitor to output data in the form of text. I was surprised to find little on this subject on the internet, to assist me in achieving this goal. Certainly nothing simple a beginner could find useful.

There are examples out there that utilise standards such as PC-104 or complex FGPA implementations found at Other solutions include graphic controllers from Fujitsu or even one local Russian person who was offering for sale a project for $5000 on ACEX. These are fine but are little help to most hobbyists etc out there who wish to display text on a VGA or similar screen.

VGA Monitor adaptor using AVR microcontroller





What I desired was a “quick and dirty” solution that did not cost too much.

Initial calculations showed that the the AVR 8-bit microcontroller from ATMEL, with its 16Mhz clock speed providing approximately 16 MIPS was a good candidate for further research. Also note that newer AVRs such as the Mega48, Mega88 and Mega168 will officially support clock rates upto 20 Mhz.  Therefore I concluded that with a clock of 16 Mhz I could achieve something in the order of 8 Mhz speed of data being transferred out of a port.  I also chose the AVR as I had already built up quite a body of experience with it and so I began work of the project.
After approximately two to three months of research, I present you the fruits of my labour!

The goal of the project:

The problem which I have set myself is simple enough to enumerate.  With commonly available microcontrollers like the Mega8, Mega16 and similar, and with a minimum of external components I wanted a design that would be capable of displaying at least 15×15 characters on a VGA monitor using standard VGA frequencies.  The data itself is to be received by the microcontroller via its USART port.  All using a 16 Mhz clock for the AVR.

The given problem at present is solved successfully.
Moreover – the project is a little bit expanded and added by introduction of formation usual
Video monochrome (PAL/SECAM) a signal. I.e. depending on position of a jumper type of formed video of signal VGA or Composite Video.

The initial goal has been achieved.  The project has expanded to include Monochomatic Video singal (PAL/SECAM). In my test set up a mere jumper determines whether the output is VGA or Composite Video.

For more detail: VGA Monitor adaptor using AVR microcontroller

About The Author

Ibrar Ayyub

I am an experienced technical writer holding a Master's degree in computer science from BZU Multan, Pakistan University. With a background spanning various industries, particularly in home automation and engineering, I have honed my skills in crafting clear and concise content. Proficient in leveraging infographics and diagrams, I strive to simplify complex concepts for readers. My strength lies in thorough research and presenting information in a structured and logical format.

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