This project is used to control the brightness of the lamp or can be used to control the speed of the fan.
The system consists of 3 block they are
- Zero crossing detector
- Microcontroller (Atmega8)
- Load Driver (BT136)As the name implies the zero crossing detector generates pulses for every zero crossing of the input AC signal. This pulses are fed to the microcontroller interrupt pin through the opto coupler. The opto coupler is used for the isolation of the high voltage AC to the low voltage DC supply at the microcontroller side.
- The microcontroller was interrupted for every zero crossing which switch on the TRIACas per the user need. The user can increase or decrease the output voltage with help of 2 push buttons.The TRIAC BT136 is used to drive the load. It can withstand a maximum load of 5A. You can also use an opto coupler at the TRIAC firing side.
Fore more Detail: Digital dimmer using atmega8