LM35 series is a low cost and precision Integrated Circuit Temperature Sensor whose output voltage is proportional to Centigrade temperature scale. Thus LM35 has an advantage over other temperature sensors calibrated in Kelvin as the users don’t require subtraction of large constant voltage to obtain the required Centigrade temperature. It doesn’t requires any external calibration. It is produced by National Semiconductor and can operate over a -55 °C to 150 °C temperature range. Its output is linearly proportional to Centigrade Temperature Scale and it output changes by 10 mV per °C.
In this project, we will learn How to interface a LM35 temperature sensor with AVR ATmega32 microcontroller and LED display. Here, we will measure the temperature of the surrounding or any other material to which the LM35 temperature sensor is connected for its temperature measurement and we will display the temperature value in degree centigrade in 1X8 LED array. But, the output of LM35 temperature sensor is analog in nature and microcontroller cannot process the analog signal directly. So, first it will convert the analog output of LM35 temperature sensor to digital values using its analog to digital converter and then it process the digital value to convert the digital value in degree centigrade value. Then the microcontroller will display the temperature in degree centigrade in the 1X8 LED array. Now, lit a match stick or lighter near the LM35 temperature sensor and see the changes in its output value in the 1X8 LED array.
For more detail: LM35 Temperature Sensor Interfacing with ATmega32 and LED Display