4×4 Matrix Key-board Interfacing with ATmega32

Here is a project for beginners to interface a 16-key (4×4) keypad with ATmega32 using 8-pins i.e. one port of the microcontroller. This is useful particularly where we need more keys but don’t want to spend more uC pins for interfacing.
The 4×4 keypad is a standard one available in the market. I’ve used here one from my earlier project. The LED shown in the schematic is just extra, which can be used anyway you like.
Here, the mega32 reads the code of key pressed and sends relevant character to display on LCD 2nd line. The first line displays ‘WELCOME’ all the time.
The figure below shows ISIS Proteus Simulation of this code:
ISIS Proteus Simulation
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