LED Dot Matrix Display

A nifty 32×7 dot matrix display module, programmable via an RS232 serial port. There are preset inputs to display preset messages or simply control directly from a PC or laptop.
The principle of the display is based on our persistance of vision, the same thing that enables us to watch movies without seeing the flickering changes of frame. This display has 32 LEDs horizontally by 7 vertically. At any one time there is only ever one column of LEDs lit. The on’s and off’s are presented to the anode connections while the columns are enabled one by one. In this way a dot display of characters can be generated and when the speed is increased sufficiently, we stop seeing the flickering and see it as a steady display of dots.
LED Dot Matrix Display
The circuit function is fairly straight forward and is best shown by the block diagram. The PIC presents the data for each column and clocks the shift registers at the same time. During the inital pulse out of every 32 pulses, the DATA goes high to set the first output on, after which it returns low. This “1” is then clocked in serial manner through the shift register, driving the Darlingtons to provide a “sink” for whatever LEDs are lit in that particular column. This is repeated every millisecond to provide a flicker-free display.
A major drawback of course is that the brightness of the LEDs appears very much reduced, after all, any one LED is only on for 1/32 of the time. The answer is to drive the LEDs much harder than normal, at about 200mA which would damage them for any longer than a few milliseconds.

For more detail: LED Dot Matrix Display

About The Author

Ibrar Ayyub

I am an experienced technical writer holding a Master's degree in computer science from BZU Multan, Pakistan University. With a background spanning various industries, particularly in home automation and engineering, I have honed my skills in crafting clear and concise content. Proficient in leveraging infographics and diagrams, I strive to simplify complex concepts for readers. My strength lies in thorough research and presenting information in a structured and logical format.

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