Flow Batteries Going Grid Scale

PORTLAND, Ore. — Cheaper and 10 times the power density of lithium-ion batteries — those are the claims MIT researchers are making about their flow battery design.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology said in a press release that the low-cost, simplified flow battery design aims to satisfy the Department of Energy’s target of less than $100 per kilowatt-hour for mass adoption of grid-scale energy storage for wind farms, solar arrays, and energy-efficient buildings.
Flow Batteries Going Grid Scale
The key to the cost reduction is the elimination of the ion-exchange membrane in a flow battery. MIT says its system offers “a power density that is an order of magnitude higher than that of many lithium-ion batteries.”
The battery prototype, designed by MIT professors Cullen Buie and Martin Bazant and doctoral candidate William Braff, handles three times as much power per unit volume as even the most advanced rival designs, MIT said. The prototype uses a laminar flow of two liquids pumped through a channel in parallel without mixing. Instead of having ions permeate a membrane to travel between electrodes, the battery uses electochemical reactions at the electrodes — located at each end of the channel — to charge and discharge as it stores and supplies energ
The battery reactants are liquid bromine and hydrogen; the chemical reaction reduces liquid bromine to hydrobromic acid at a solid graphite electrode while hydrogen is oxidized at a porous graphite electrode. The strong chemical reaction between the hydrogen and bromine enables the battery to store more energy per unit volume than other flow batteries, MIT said. Reversible hydrogen-bromine reactions have been used in other flow batteries, but corrosive properties eventually cause conventional ion-exchange membranes to fail. MIT’s membraneless setup is designed to solve that problem.
For more detail: Flow Batteries Going Grid Scale

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Ibrar Ayyub

I am an experienced technical writer holding a Master's degree in computer science from BZU Multan, Pakistan University. With a background spanning various industries, particularly in home automation and engineering, I have honed my skills in crafting clear and concise content. Proficient in leveraging infographics and diagrams, I strive to simplify complex concepts for readers. My strength lies in thorough research and presenting information in a structured and logical format.

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